The data which are discussed here were culled from Wikipedia.
The natives of Alaska include the indigenous peoples of Alaska, United States, namely Iñupiat, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and some Northern Athabaskan cultures. They are recognized by their language. Many of the natives in Alaska are federally enrolled Alaska Native tribal entities and belong to 13 Alaska Native Regional Corporations, that take charge of land and financial claims.
Historically, the Ancestors of Alaska Natives came thousands of years ago. Some descendants settled across the northern part of North America and never in southern areas.
The ancestors left a variety of indigenous cultures, including language, throughout the Arctic and circumpolar north. Within each culture are many different tribes. The natives developed and adopted ways to survive the harsh climate and environment. According to the study by the Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development, there were over 120,000 Alaska Native people in 2013. Majority of the natives lived in Nome, Dillingham, and Bethel. In 2000, 38% lived in urban areas; in 2010 population increased to 44%. Today, 15% of the population of Alaska are Alaska Natives.
Northern Canada
Northern Canada’s indigenous peoples consist of the First Nations, Métis, and Inuit located in the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.
The First Nations peoples traced their settlement in 500 BCE–1,000 CE. Aboriginal civilizations developed urban settlements or cities, including agriculture, architecture, and complex societies. Changes took place when the Europeans came. The Inuit are called the descendants of the Thule culture from western Alaska around 1,000 CE and spread eastward across the Arctic. The Métis are descendants from marriages between Europeans (mainly French) and Cree, Ojibway, Algonquin, Saulteaux, Menominee, Mi’kmaq, Maliseet, and other First Nations. The history of the Metis is traced to the mid-17th century. Europeans on their arrival in Canada depended on Aboriginal peoples for skills in fur trading and survival. There were marriages between European fur traders and Aboriginal women. The Métis established their homes in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Ontario, as well as the Northwest Territories.
The First Nations, Inuit and Métis were recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act in 1982.
Aboriginal civilizations were dependent on the occupations of their ancestors at the time of the arrival of Europeans, such as among others, ocean and river fishing; hunter-gatherer, bison hunting, agriculture, including the raising of maize, beans, and squash.
In the 2016 Canadian Census Aboriginal people in Canada reached 1,673,780, which is 4.9% of the country’s total population. This number includes 977,230 First Nations people, 587,545 Métis, and 65,025 Inuit. The 10 major ethnic groups were: First Nations – 36.8%, Canadian – 18.6%, English – 15.9%, Scottish – 14.8%, Irish – 12.3%, Inuit (Inuvialuit) – 10.9%, French – 10.3%, German – 8.3%, Métis – 7.1%, and Ukrainian – 3.1%. By 2014, NWT had 33 official communities. In 2016 Yukon population reached 35,874; that of Nunavut, 35,944. Nunavut obtained the highest population growth rate between 2011 and 2016, compared to any Canadian province of territory.

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